Neurological Conditions

Head & Neck and back Pain

Common Conditions Leading to Back Pain

Your bones, muscles, ligaments, nerves, joints, discs and cartilages fit together and move smoothly as long as they remain perfectly aligned and move harmoniously. If something goes wrong in this perfect setup, you may experience pain. Back pain has become a chronic problem for both working class and home makers and also for people younger than 40 years. It is one of the leading causes of disability in people around the world and a major cause of stress and agony for young women. Chronic back pain has become a major health issue across the world as it affects people from all walks of life Though there are many causes of back pain, pinpointing or detecting the exact cause – which is mostly an underlying health issue – is very important for the successful treatment.

Back pain causes female

Back pain in women is very common compared with men. It is due to many things women do and don’t do throughout their day-to-day life. Mostly lifestyle triggers play prominent role in triggering back pain in women. These include obesity, lack of exercise, slouching at the desk, wearing wrong type of heels, doing works that involve abnormal body movements. Women also experience back pain due to certain unidentifiable causes that can trigger many events leading to back pain. They include hormonal imbalances, premenstrual syndrome, menstruation, weight gain, childbirth and pregnancy.

Piriformis syndrome

Piriformis is a large muscle located deep in the muscle. Spasms in this muscle causes piriformis syndrome. Hormonal changes and pregnancy-related problems causes changes in the pelvis and hence lead to this issue in women. Sciatic nerve irritation or compression causes pain in the lower back, buttocks and may radiate to the back of the thighs and legs. The pain is worsened by hip movement and makes it difficult to get out of the bed and sit for long. The symptoms get better when the person lie on their back.

Lower back pain causes female

Endometriosis is a condition in women that causes tissues of the uterus to grow outside the uterus. It causes lower back pain during menstruation, severe pelvic and lower abdominal pain.

Lower back pain is common in middle-age and post-menopausal women due to low levels of Estrogen – which leads to osteoarthritis. Vertebral disc degrades and the ligaments loosen – owing to which vertebrae slips (degenerative spondylolisthesis). The symptoms include pain while walking and lower back pain that radiates to the legs.

What causes lower back pain

Osteoarthritis of the facet joints that connects vertebrae causes breakdown of the fibrous cartilage (they act like cushions between vertebrae) in these joints. The bones rub against each other causing pain in the lower back. The symptoms include pain in the upper and lower back, thighs, buttocks and groin.

Coccyx is the tail-end of the spine. coccydynia – tailbone pain, is common in women mostly due to injury from childbirth. Coccyx is the weight-bearing bone – any injury to this bone causes pain while sitting on hard surfaces; leaning backward while sitting, standing up from a sitting position and while sitting down. The pain subsides when a person stands up.

Sacroiliac (SI) joint dysfunction causes lower back pain in women. This joint which is smaller with a less curved, uneven and wider sacrum cause problems in the SI joint of women. The misalignment or dysfunction of this joint causes sciatica-like symptoms – such as lower back pain, shooting or stabbing sharp pain radiating to thighs and a dull and achy pain over the buttocks.

Middle back pain causes

Osteoporosis can cause spinal compression fractures that may result in acute back pain. This type of pain is often localized and typically occurs in the mid-back or the area between mid and lower back.

Emotional Factors

Women are prone to emotional stress and feelings more than men and hence their level of stress can make them suffer pain more often. Anxiety and stress may lead to muscles stiffness and tensions in the muscles of the neck, back and other areas of the body. When a person gets stressed, he or she may become prone to pain. Anxiety and depression can also worsen pain extensively.

Sudden back pain causes

Many people irrespective age and sex suffer from sudden back pain due to sudden and poor body movements and mechanics; lifting heavy objects, muscle strains or sprains and back injury. Sudden falls, trauma, injuries, severe blow to back and vertebral fractures are some of the other causes of back pain.

Muscle spasms: Painful and annoying muscle spasms may result due to pinched nerves and spinal cord injuries.

Nerve damage: Back pain, in some cases, may be due to chronic conditions – such as fibromyalgia, failed back syndrome, cancer and diabetes.

Pinched nerves: nerve roots’ Compression due to several vertebral and disc issues and a combination of other conditions can cause back pain.

Muscle strain: Many people complain this type of condition when they get injured during sporting activity, weight lifting and heavy workouts.

Upper back pain causes

Herniated Disk

Disks act like cushions between vertebrae as they sit between vertebrae that stack your spine. Herniated disk refers to a problem with these disks. The disc has jelly-like, soft nucleus in the centre – it is surrounded by rubbery and tough external annulus. Sometimes – a tear in the annulus causes the nucleus to push out through the tear irritate nearby nerves. This condition wherever it is present – upper back, middle back or lower back can cause pain numbness or weakness in the arm or legs.

Bulging disc: Spinal disc compression can also cause some spinal discs to bulge and protrude. When this happens the disc presses on a nerve and cause back pain.

Degenerated disc: The shrinkage or tearing of spinal vertebrae as you age may lead to degenerative spinal diseases – owing to which discs become prone to fractures. General wear and tear due to aging can also cause spinal issues that leads to back pain.

Spondylolisthesis: Vertebrae of the spine sometimes slip out of place, pressing the spinal cord or nerve roots – and thus, cause back pain. Damaged spinal joints can cause this condition.

Spinal stenosis: Narrowing of the spinal canal, pressing on the spinal cord may cause back pain.

What are the risk factors that can predispose an individual to the risk of developing back pain?

Risk factors
  • Smoking
  • Obesity and excess weight
  • Older age
  • Poor physical fitness
  • A sedentary lifestyle
  • Pregnancy
  • Occupational activities
  • Weight lifting and excessive exercise done incorrectly
  • Strenuous work
  • Genetic factors
  • Arthritis
  • Bone cancer

Both the sexes are now becoming prone to back pain. The main reason is their lifestyle – sedentary life, stress, mood disorders, anxiety, wrong sitting positions and eating habits. In general women are increasingly become prone to back pain due to their unique body make up, hormonal factors, menstrual issues, pregnancy, childbirth, stress, anxiety, menopause and mood disorders.

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